Mēheuheu (customs)



"Hula is the language of the heart and therefore the heartbeat of the Hawaiian people."
  King David Kalākaua




There are many styles of hula. They are commonly divided into two broad categories: Ancient hula, as performed before Western encounters with Hawai`i, is called kahiko. It is accompanied by chant and traditional instruments. Hula as it has evolved under Western influences, in the 19th and 20th centuries, is called `auana. It is accompanied by song and musical instruments.

Hula is taught in schools called hālau. The teacher of hula is the kumu hula, where kumu means source of knowledge. Hula dancing is a complex art form, and there are many hand motions used to signify aspects of nature, such as the basic hula and coconut tree motions, or the basic leg steps, such as the Kaholo, Ka`o, and Ami.     Source:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hula

       Chants: Mele of Antiquity

Edith Kanaka‘ole Foundation

Lei Manoa

Huapala Hula Archives


Hula Instruments

Hula Preservation Society

Hula Steps
     The Hula Movement    

     Ke`ali`i ipoipo Chant (mp3)

     Merrie Monarch Festival Website

     Merrie Monarch '95, Kane  (YouTube)

     Miss Aloha Hula '08 

No_Kahalawai Chant (mp3)

        Surfing For Life: Hula


  Mary Abigail Kawena `ula o kalani a hi`iaka i ka poli o pele ka wahine `ai honua Wiggin Puku`i (1895-1986), known as Kawena, was a Hawaiian scholar, dancer, composer, and educator. She was born in Ka`ū, Big Island, to Mary Pa`ahana Kanaka`ole, a native Hawaiian woman and Henry Wiggin, a Caucasian man originally from Massachusetts. In the traditional custom of hānai (foster parenting), she was initially reared by her mother’s parents.

Her grandmother, a traditional dancer in the court of Queen Emma, taught her chants and stories, while grandfather was a healer and kahuna pale keiki (obstetrician) who used lomilomi (massage), la`au lapa`au (herbal medicine), ho`oponopono (forgiveness), and pule (prayer). Her great-great-grandmother was a priestess kahuna pule in the Pele line.

Mary Kawena Puku`i was recognized in her lifetime as the greatest living authority on Hawaiian culture. Recipient of many honors for her immense contributions to the fields of language, music, chanting and hula in her more than 80 year career, Kawena is perhaps most widely known for her authorship, with Samuel H. Elbert, of the Hawaiian Dictionary.

As a kumu hula, she sought to preserve the Hawaiian chant; Ka'upena Wong, Kaha`i Topolinski, and daughters Pele Pukui Suganuma and Pat Namaka Bacon were among her most notable students.

In 1971, at the zenith of her long career, Kawena Pukui received Hawaiian music's most significant prize, the Hawai`i Aloha Award. Her legacy to Hawaiian music was the legitimizing of the endeavor to perpetuate our Hawaiian culture, for it is through chant and song lyrics that much of the drama and color of Hawaiian life was first preserved.



  He'e Nalu (Surfing)



In old Hawaii, life revolved around the extended family and the clan; it was an `ohana (family) society, a group of both closely and distantly related people who share nearly everything: land, food, children, status, and the spirit of aloha.     Source: Coffee Times "

"`Ohana is a basic organizing principle of Hawaiian life. This concept resonates with the word `oha, a synonym for kalo (taro) which refers as well to the plant's origins in the original stalk. To be a member of an `ohana is then to be a node on the open-ended rhizomatic growth that both gives birth to and feeds each person. (This) rhizomatic network includes connections to spirits, akua, ancestors and future generations, as well as to those people that Euro-Americans might recognize as living family members.
To be Hawaiian is to be a person configured within a particular `ohana in an ever-evolving, living web. Today the concept of `ohana is often extended to include unrelated persons, community groups, or church membership. This is a corruption of the concept as the real `ohana is a natural phenomenon. It refers not to wishing for a relationship but to a unity of people due to their common ancestors living both in them and in the spirits who remain in palpable daily contact with the `ohana."     Source: Mary Abigail Puku`i 

Duke Paoa Kahanamoku

From Polynesia, with Love

Outrigger Duke Kahanamoku Foundation


Surf News Network

Surfing, Sport of Kings

The History of Surfing






See also:                 


Ho`ao pa`a and the `Ohana

Mo`ōlelo Hawai`i (Hawwaian Antiquities)  



Life in Harmony with Nature

The Aloha Spirit Law  


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